Check out these essential facts about presidential elections in American history.
Five Presidents Won Without the Popular Vote
John Quincy Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, George W. Bush, and Donald Trump all won the presidency without winning the popular vote. Adams, Harrison and Trump were one-term presidents who went on to lose both the popular and electoral votes in their bids for reelection. Hayes did not run for reelection, and Bush was reelected after winning both the popular and electoral votes in his second election.
Two Elections Were Decided by Congress
The closest election in American history was in 1824 between Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, William Crawford, and Henry Clay. Because none of the candidates received the 131 electoral votes necessary to win, the decision went to the House of Representatives, who elected John Quincy Adams in a contingent election. The 1824 election was the second election decided by Congress; the first was the presidential election of 1800 in which Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied in the Electoral College.